Declaration of the XVII regular FIR Congress
1. Anti-fascism is more relevant
Even more than 70 years after the historic victory in May 1945 over
fascist regimes in Europe anti-fascism is a more recent political
idea than ever. The current problems of political, economic and social
causes require from all people joint actions - not facing political
party boundaries - for a socially just, peaceful and democratic development
in all parts of the world.
2. Stop the resurgence of right-wing
populism and neo-fascism
With great concern, that we see the increase of the political influence
of extreme right forces, from violent neo-fascists to right-wing populist
groups, in different European countries. These groups engage ostensibly
to the serious concerns of the people, but give nationalist and racist
responses to the existing problems. Moreover they propagate and practice
increasingly violent forms of conflict, such as arson attacks on "foreigners",
hunting refugees and other excesses.
The refugee movement caused by war
and social need - which only can be answered by practical solidarity
of all European countries - is answered by them with a demand for
authoritarianism, intolerance and nationalist chauvinism. At the same
time they propagate ideals of former fascist movements (Bandera, Horthy,
Mussolini, Ustasha and other "models"). This is in contradiction
to international declaration, especially the resolution of the United
Nations General assembly to the topic preserving memories (7 Dec 2014).
The FIR and its member federations
as internationalist movement stand together against racism, xenophobia,
neo-fascism, nationalism and extreme right-wing populism. We support
protests like the demonstration in Riga et.al.
3. Eliminate the threat of war -
for the protection of peace
Fascism and war are two sides of one medal. That is why the political
slogan of 1945 was "destroying the Nazism with its roots and
creating a new world of peace and freedom".
The International Federation of Resistance
Fighters (FIR) - Association of Anti-fascists has as "ambassador
of peace" of the United Nations a moral order to work for non-military
solutions for the conflicts in the world. We fight in particular the
causes of war and warmongers who want to impose their imperial goals,
their needs of raw material and geopolitical interests on the backs
of peoples. We expect the United Nations to support peaceful means
of settling e.g. in Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria or in Ukraine. That is
how FIR acts as part of the international peace movement.
As a new form of threat we can see
terrorist attacks. Partly with "religious" reasons, partly
with the standard criticism of "Western values" attacks
against the civilian population in various European countries are
carried out in particular. We condemn such inhuman acts of violence
in the strongest terms, but we cannot forget on the other hand, that
such forces have been financed and used as "weapons" in
the late Cold War. We call the countries concerned by terrorist attacks
not to use such brutal acts as a pretext to dismantle democratic rights
and to establish authoritarian rules.
4. Preserving memories - against
The memory of the common anti-fascist struggle of the peoples and
military parts of the anti-Hitler coalition is a permanent task of
FIR and its member federations. In several European countries, notably
the Baltic States, in Poland, in Ukraine and in countries of the former
Yugoslavia we see on various political and social levels attempts
and tendencies to falsify the antifascist memories. Monuments of the
anti-fascist struggle were destroyed or even rededicated. Former collaborators
of the SS are recognized as "freedom fighters" and on European
level there are attempts to establish a "solemn ceremony against
totalitarianism" on 23 August.
We oppose those attempts of historical
revisionism. On the other hand we are proud that in all these countries
also veterans and antifascist groups do their duty for the historical
truth and defending such memorial places for the liberation from Nazi-fascism
and for the liberators.
The tasks of the FIR and its member
federations remains to preserve the historical memory of the resistance
of the peoples, to the women and men who sacrificed their lives, who
fought in the ranks of the anti-Hitler coalition or for their convictions
or have been victims from other reasons of fascist exclusion in the
concentration and extermination camps. To pass their experiences on
to present and future generations is one of the most important tasks,
standing in front of our organizations.
We cooperate particularly with memorials
at the places of camps, with archives and historical institutions
and antifascist initiatives conveyance of history. Outstanding examples
of this work are the exhibition "European resistance against
Nazism" and the international youth meetings, documenting the
impressive forms of conveying history to the young generations.
5. The unit of the anti-fascist
forces consolidate - win new generations!
Since 65 years, the FIR is working as an international umbrella organization
of all the different fighters and forces of the Anti-Hitler-Coalition,
former persecuted and today's anti-fascists. Their strength is the
commonality that results despite different political party orientations,
social visions or religious values. The path of the "torch of
FIR" impressively emphasized that community.
In our ranks are comrades and friends
- they fight to overthrow the exploitative system that generates poverty,
fascism and war,
- they defend democratic and social rights,
- they are based on religious or humanistic ideals connected with
the antifascist goals,
- they want to preserve the memories of their families.
Each way to antifascism is welcomed in FIR.
This unit must be developed renew,
because the witness's generation is leaving us. And we call all member
federations to open their structure for the today's generations. In
that way we are challenged to share the ideals of the anti-fascist
legacy with the post-war generations, who bring their own issues and
perspectives in political disputes.
For FIR therefore the task is:
In connection with the present generations we preserve the legacy
of the fighters and persecuted and fight for democracy, humanism,
social justice and "a new world of peace and freedom."
Adopted November 19, 2016